Trent & Peak Archaeology is a trading name of York Archaeological Trust for Excavation and Research.Limited Registered Office: 47 Aldwark, York, YO1 7BXA Company Limited by Guarantee Registered in England No. 1430801A registered Charity in England & Wales (No. 509060) and Scotland (No. SCO42846)
The Nottingham Caves Survey is a two-year project funded by English Heritage, the Greater Nottingham Partnership, Nottingham City Council and the British Geological Survey, and carried out by Trent & Peak Archaeology (now part of the York Archaeological Trust). The project builds on the work of the BGS Register of Caves (1989), which identified and mapped the locations of over 450 caves, and the work of individuals such as Dr Tony Waltham and organisations such as the Nottingham Historical and Archaeological Society, who have worked tirelessly to excavate and record the city's caves.The goals of the current project are to investigate, record, archive, visualise and promote the caves. As well as text-based descriptions and condition reports, caves are surveyed with a 3D laser scanner (capable of recording 500000 points per second at +/- 2mm accuracy) and digitally photographed. The resulting coloured 'point cloud' models can be cut and sliced to produce traditional plans and sections, but much more interesting are creation of flythrough and flyround videos. These are uploaded to the project's websiteand YouTube channel. The videos have proved enormously popular, with over 167000 views from 127 countries so far, and this demonstrable international appeal of Nottingham's caves will do much to assist their preservation and survival into the next century.Contact Dr Paul Johnson for more information
Following a report commissioned by Rutland County Council in 2004 on a joint conservation and development plan for Oakham Castle, TPA was commissioned to carry out an archaeological topographic and photographic survey of the site, culminating in an illustrated report and site archive. The scope of the survey was later extended to include the interior of the Great Hall.After clearance and cutting back of overgrown vegetation, topographic survey was carried out by Dr David Strange-Walker and other TPA staff. The team used TPA’s Leica HDS6100 phase-based laser scanner and a Canon EOS500D digital camera coupled with a Leica TCR705 total station and georeference with Leica Viva RTK GNSS to survey 4 hectares of the interior and exterior of the Castle grounds, as well as detailed surveys of the interior and exterior of the Great Hall and surviving stonework from the Castle’s walls and towers. The topographic data was initially processed and cleaned with Leica Cyclone registration software and sampled to calculate ground points with Cyclone II Topo. This data was then manipulated in AutoCAD 2010, ArcGIS 9.3 and Pointools View Pro to produce contour plans, elevation maps and TIN models. These digital models were used to inform the geophysical and excavation phases. Final output deliverables were contour plans and false-colour elevation maps of the survey data, DEM and DTM models and sections across the Castle grounds, and interpretative plans.Concurrent with the topographic survey was a photographic survey of surviving stonework and the Great Hall. Digital photographs were rectified and texture-mapped onto the high-resolution laser scans with Leica Cyclone software, and rendered with Pointools View Pro. Final output deliverables were high-resolution rendered orthographic elevations and sections, 3D point cloud data and a viewer for the client, and a 3D flythrough of the whole Castle site for the client’s website.
Pleasley Pit, Derbyshire
Trent & Peak Archaeology were contracted by William Saunders, Architects, to record the renovation and repair of the upstanding colliery buildings and headstocks at Pleasley Pit, Derbyshire. The surviving buildings, the winding house and the two headstocks are the only surviving colliery structures in the East Midlands and are of considerable cultural and historicimportance. The site is a scheduled monument, No. 21660.The buildings had been brought by the Friends of Pleasley Pit in the 1990s when they were in poor repair and they had led the campaign to secure funding to put then back into a condition that reflected their importance to the local community in this part of the East Midlands and further afield.The pit itself was closed in 1983, just before the strike, and the workforce transferred to other pits in the area with the majority going to Shirebrook Colliery. Most of the ancillary buildings, the baths and the powerhouse were demolished shortly afterwards. The winding house, complete with the steam-driven Markham engines were left intact.The programme of work included repair, restoration and conservation to the north and south headstocks, the brick and stone exterior fabric of the north and south winding house, the windows, both iron and wooden framed, on the east elevation of the winding house and areas of the flooring in the interior of the building, and to a remaining section of the tub track on the west elevation of the south winding house.The completed works have ensured that the colliery buildings have been preserved for future generations and that this central part of the industrial heritage of the East Midlands is not lost. In 2011 the repair, conservation and renovation of the upstanding structures carried out by William Saunders was the subject of two awards : the English Heritage Angel Award for the best rescue of an industrial building and the East Midlands Constructing Excellence, Heritage Award.
Carnarvon School, Bingham
A watching brief was carried out during ground works for the extension of a classroom at Carnarvon Primary School, Bingham. Previous excavations on the site had identified it as being Roman-British in character with a series of pits and ditches, and finds suggesting possible structural evidence. The remains of the deserted medieval village at Crow Close immediately to the west of the site also offered the possibility of medieval remains being preserved. Three burials of unknown date had also been uncovered.The Romano-British story of the site was continued with the discovery of several ditches and pits, further adding to the perception of the site as being within the confines of a settlement, although the limited nature of the site makes interpretation difficult.A single grave and skeleton was also uncovered during the excavations. It appears to have been buried along the line of the boundary ditch, and suggests (along with the burials discovered in earlier excavations) a later use of the site as a cemetery, though the absence of dating evidence for the skeletons makes it unclear whether they were Roman or from a later period.
Newark’s Hidden Heritage
Since spring 2013, TPA have been exploring the possibility of underground voids and structures beneath Newark. Beginning with the market place, we initially conducted a desk-based assessment, GPR (Ground Penetrating Radar) survey and laser scan of one of the market place cellars. Working closely with the Newark Town Centre Hidden Heritage Group, we were able to involve the local community with the survey work and contribute to their ongoing investigations of the myths and legends that report blocked up tunnels and passages under the town. We were then commissioned by Severn Trent Water to conduct a GPR survey along the length of Castlegate and Bargate, which was complemented by an additional survey within the grounds of the castle, commissioned by Newark and Sherwood District Council and completed by TPA with help from the Friends of Newark Castle. The survey yielded some very interesting results, including what is probably the original curtain wall lying to east of the extant 13th century wall, and what appears to be a blocked-off extension of the undercroft below the northern end of the castle. Since then, TPA have continued to work with the Newark Town Centre Hidden Heritage Group on a series of public engagement initiatives, including tours of some of the market place cellars, filming for BBC programme Inside Out, and ongoing plans for a heritage centre in the town.
The Origins of Nottingham
The Origins of Nottingham: Archaeological Investigations in the Medieval Town from 1969 to 1980Stage 2: Securement and Consolidation of the Archive David Knight, Scott Lomax and Gordon Young Major excavations were conducted by Nottingham City Museum staff between 1969 and 1980 at five sites inside Nottingham’s pre-Conquest Borough, at Drury Hill, Woolpack Lane, Fisher Gate, Boots Garage and Halifax Place, and just beyond its northern perimeter at Goose Gate (Young, C.S.B. 1982 and 1986; Young, G. 1987). These were carefully positioned with the aims of locating and characterising the Borough defences and of investigating areas of the interior with potential for the preservation of significant archaeological remains. Important insights into the early development of Nottingham were obtained, but until now very little of the information acquired during these excavations has been published. The archive derived from this work represents a major untapped resource for study of the early development of Nottingham, which since its rise to prominence as one of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw has played a key role in the history of England, and the principal aim of this project is to unlock this resource for future researchers.The first stage of this project ran from August to December 2012, and comprised an assessment of the archives from the above sites by staff of Trent & Peak Archaeology (DK and SL) and Nottingham City Museums and Galleries (GY). This work provided the foundation for a second stage of work aimed at securing and consolidating the archives, which commenced in February 2013 and will be completed in March 2014. This second stage involves essential conservation work, repackaging of finds and documentary records, the creation of a secure digital copy of the documentary and photographic archive, reorganisation where appropriate of the extant archive and a short published synthesis of the results of excavation (Knight, Lomax and Young 2013). This will provide a springboard for a third stage of archive enhancement aimed at increasing the accessibility of the archive as a research resource. As part of that work, we will prepare a signposting report assessing the potential of the archive as a resource for future research. In recognition of the importance of these excavations as sources of evidence for the early development of the city, financial assistance for this initial assessment has been provided not only by English Heritage but also by Nottingham City Council. ReferencesKnight, D., Lomax, S. and Young, G. 2013. The Origins of Nottingham: Archaeological Investigations in the Medieval Town from 1969 to 1980. Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire 116, 45-52. Young, C.S.B. 1982. Discovering Rescue Archaeology in Nottingham. Nottingham: Nottingham City Museums. Young, C.S.B. 1986. 'Archaeology in Nottingham: the pre-Conquest Borough' in S. Mastoris (ed.) History in the Making: Recent Historical researchin Nottingham and Nottinghamshire 1985, 1-4. Nottingham. Young, G. 1987. 'Archaeology in Nottingham: the Halifax Place excavation', in S.N. Mastoris (ed.) History in the Making: Recent Historicalresearch in Nottingham and Nottinghamshire 1986, 1-6. Nottingham 1987.
Colchester Castle, Essex
TPA was commissioned by NPS Property Consultants Ltd to conduct a full laser-scanned survey of the interior of Colchester Castle, Essex. This hugely impressive building is the largest Norman keep in Europe and is built above the vaults of the Roman Temple of Claudius.NPS is producing a full set of stone-by-stone elevation drawings for the Castle’s HLF-funded redevelopment plan, and to facilitate this they needed a complete survey of the four floors of the keep’s interior, detailed enough for stone-by-stone drawing. The survey work, completed in five days in March 2013, covered four floors including the Roman vaults and included two spiral staircases, with 128 individual survey stations, for a final point cloud of over 4 billion points. TPA’s experience allowed us to complete this work on time and on budget, supplying the data to the client as Leica Cyclone .imp files with cleaned and optimised modelspaces allowing rapid CAD work in CloudWorx.
The Judges III, Nottingham Castle Museum
In something of a departure from the norm for TPA, we were commissioned by Nottingham City Council’s Museums & Galleries service to digitally record a site-specific installation at the Nottingham Castle Museum.The artwork, Christina Mackie’s The Judges III, was commissioned by the Castle Museum following the award of the Contemporary Art Society’s £60000 Commission to Collect prize in 2011. The work comprises several trestle tables and picture frames carrying a range of glass, ceramic, mineral, photographic and painted elements. The artist encourages the viewer to draw their own connections between these apparently disparate elements.In May 2013 the artwork was put into storage following the end of the exhibition. The complex nature of the work, given the importance of the spatial relations between its elements, meant that a three-dimensional document was considered the most appropriate way of recording its form.Unsurprisingly the combination of detailed and delicate sculptural objects, reflective black polished surfaces and transparent glass made for an extremely challenging recording environment. TPA used a combination of laser scanning and photogrammetry to produce a series of traditional plan and elevation drawings, and employed Leica’s TruViewapplication to allow real-time panoramic viewing of the point cloud data through a web browser, including the ability to measure and mark up the data.
St Ann’s Community Project
Trent & Peak in partnership with the Stonebridge City farm and the St Ann’s Well Road pre 1970's Demolition group are delighted to report that we have won a HLF grant under the 'sharing heritage' program to undertake a community research project entitled - 'Ey up mi duck!' Memories and history of the Stonebridge quarter of St Anns'. This Autumn, we will be researching the Stonebridge area from the turn of the century to the 1970's by creating an oral memories record from those who remember it prior to its demolition; and by creating a database of information, images, maps and newspaper articles collected by volunteers. By using local memory and archival research, we will be able to build up a detailed list of tenants in the local area, highlighting the varied histories of businesses and other institutions that formerly stood there. We will also be producing a general overview of the history of St Ann’s and its origins. This project aims to create links between the older and younger generations in the local area to share information about how St Ann’s used to be and to reignite a sense of an inclusive local identity that some believe was lost during the slum clearance. The project is now underway with some important dates for your diary:Research Session 5 - 1st FebruaryResearch Session 6 - 15th FebruaryResearch Session 7 - 1st MarchInterview Session 1 - 2nd MarchInterview Session 2 - 9th MarchAll sessions run 10-3pm at Stonebridge City Farm If you want to be interviewed, you will need to book a time slot in advance by emailing or phoning Laura Binns on 0115 896 7408 / 07767 238 756 or email@example.comIf you feel you can contribute to the project or would like to know more, contact Laura at TPA.
Brú Na Bóinne, Ireland
The World Heritage Site of Brú na Bóinne (The Palace of the Boyne), in County Meath, Ireland, contains three huge Neolithic passage tombs - Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth. Newgrange - where the midwinter sunrise pierces the single passage and illuminates the back of the tomb - is the most famous of these but also the most studied. The more complex site at Knowth comprises one huge mound with two passages, and seventeen smaller satellite mounds. Knowth contains more than a third of all the megalithic art in Western Europe, making this a hugely important prehistoric site. Dowth (known as ‘the fairy mound of darkness’) is the least-known and least-understood of the sites, but also the largest.In 2012 Trent & Peak Archaeology were invited by Dr Steve Davis of the Department of Archaeology at University College Dublin to survey the mounds at Knowth and Dowth, as part of a project funded by the Office of Public Works. A joint team from TPA and ArcHeritage (our Sheffield office) undertook ten days of scanning with two Leica scanners, capturing points from over 150 scanner locations. This work included some of the most challenging surveying we’ve ever undertaken, in tiny partially-collapsed passages barely big enough to crawl through, built over 4500 years ago by Neolithic man.The project was documented by the photographer Ken Williams. You can read more about this and see his stunning photos on Ken’s blog.
Derwent Valley Mills, Derbyshire
Research Framework for the Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Site David Knight This project aims to provide a Research Agenda and Strategy for the area contained within the boundary of the Derwent Valley World Heritage Site and its Buffer Zone. The study area extends for some 24 km along the Derwent Valley, from the northern outskirts of Derby to Matlock Bath in the north, and includes the mill communities of Darley Abbey, Milford, Belper, and Cromford. The research framework will be developed in close liaison with the Derwent Valley stakeholder community, and will generate a paper and digital publication on the model of the Research Agenda and Strategy developed for the East Midlands (Knight et al 2012). In essence, it will comprise a synthesis of current views on the priorities for research (the Agenda) and procedures for advancing our understanding of these (the Strategy). The project commenced in April 2013, and will culminate in a conference launch of the publication in June 2015. It aims to bring together in a single user-friendly publication an assessment of the World Heritage Site’s historic environment resource and discussion of the wider national and international impact of industrialisation along the Valley. Within this tightly defined riverine corridor, we are concerned principally with the social, economic and environmental impact of the Industrial Revolution. Key themes, which will be explored in detail during preparation of the research framework, include the factors governing the growth, development and eventual decline of the Derwent Valley’s textile mills, the changing character of these industries, the growth of industrial and transport infrastructure, the socio-economic, political, religious and artistic impact of industrialisation, the national and international significance of these developments and the historic environment legacy. Knight, D., Vyner, B. and Allen, C. 2012. East Midlands Heritage: An Updated Research Agenda and Strategy for the Historic Environment of the East Midland. University of Nottingham and York Archaeological Trust for Excavation and Research Ltd (www.tparchaeology.co.uk/east-midlands-research-strategy).
Beeston Maltings, Nottinghamshire
Trent & Peak Archaeology was commissioned by Beeston Civic Society to undertake a photographic survey of Beeston Maltings, Dovecote Lane, Beeston, Nottinghamshire prior to and during its demolition ahead of the site being re-developed. Beeston Maltings is a former brewery and maltings which is located on the south-west edge of the town of Beeston adjacent the Midland Main Line railway line. It was originally a brewery with construction commencing in c. 1878 and designed by Wilson and Co. It was extended in 1884 and a pneumatic malting inserted. The building was converted into a maltings in 1924 after a controlling interest in the company was purchased by the Nottingham brewer's James Shipstone and Sons Ltd. Further alterations were undertaken in the 20th century including the rebuilding of the kiln in 1936. The maltings closed in 2000. The structure in its final phase was brick built beneath a slate covered roof. It comprised of the Main Range aligned north- east to south-west which was of three stories and attics with a shorter five-story crossing at the north-east and south-west ends. The Main Range was 15 bays long and 5 bays wide with a further 2 bay wide North-west Range with a Georgian style facade. The malt kilns were located at the north-east end.
A&E Heritage Rescue, Nottinghamshire
Attenborough & Erewash Heritage Rescue is a Heritage Lottery-funded community project researching the historic environment of the Attenborough Nature Reserve in Nottinghamshire, and wider Erewash valley. From mammoth teeth to bronze rapiers, hundreds of artefacts are known to have been extracted from the reserve during quarrying activity over the last century. Many of these objects are now dispersed in different museums and collections, leaving visitors and users of the reserve with no easy way to access its rich past. In partnership with the Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust, TPA have brought together a new group of volunteers who are working with museum collections and HER data to draw together the story of the reserve area through the ages. Working under professional guidance, the volunteer 'explorers' have begun to track down the 'lost' artefacts to create a photographic catalogue and database. Our aim is to strengthen the educational potential of the reserve by weaving the artefacts into an accessible narrative that will be brought into the public eye in an exhibition forming part of Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust’s 50 year celebrations. The exhibition will be held on the 10th-11th May 2014 at the Attenborough Nature Centre. If you would like to participate inthe research, please contact Genevieve Carver at TPA.
Markeaton Park, Derbyshire
Trent & Peak Archaeology, on behalf of Derby City Council, conducted an archaeological investigation with the participation of the local community, on the site of the former Markeaton Hall, in Markeaton Park, Derby. The excavation comprised two trenches located over the footprint of the former hall, and two areas to the south on the alignment of the ha-ha. A medieval hall is likely to have stood on the site which was replaced in the early 16th century after the Mundy family took ownership of the Markeaton Hall Estate in 1516. In 1755 a new hall was completed by Wrightson Mundy. Subsequent alterations to the hall were undertaken by Francis Noel Clarke Mundy in 1772 and 1795, including the construction of the ha-ha. The hall was demolished in 1964, only the orangery and stables remain. There are also suggestion of an early medieval mill, Anglo-Saxon settlement and a Roman road within the vicinity of the park. The excavation established that building remains survive within the former hall site beneath modern levelling and demolition deposits. They predominantly relate to the building phase completed in 1755. Subsequent alterations undertaken in the late 18th century are also present. Earlier remains, of probable 16th and 17th century date, potentially relating to the hall built by John Mundy after acquiring the estate in 1516, were also recognised. In the parkland the ha-ha was found to have originally extended further to the east, but did not run along the full length of the boundary between the hall and park, it terminated somewhere to the south west of the house. Where the ha-ha has been landscaped the ditch survives but the northern brick wall is fragmentary. The work at Markeaton was carried out partly as a professional evaluation and partly as a community excavation, with ‘archaeology taster sessions’ and open days over several weekends in 2012. This was carried out in conjunction with Derby City Council as part of their successful Heritage Lottery Fund bid to redevelop and improve Markeaton Park.